Page 1: Introduction

We are interested in finding out how working in Wales during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (called the pandemic in this survey) has affected nurses in Wales. To do this we would like you to answer a series of questions about your life and work as a nurse during the pandemic and to share any further comments that you may wish to make. This study is being carried out in a partnership between Cardiff University, Public Health Wales and Swansea University as part of a Burdett Trust for Nursing funded project. We are seeking Registered Nurses and Nursing Students, from all fields who have worked with patients who do and do not have COVID-19 during the pandemic.

If you are interested in taking part, please read the following details carefully.

Who is running the study? 

The study is being carried out by the following researchers:   

Dr Tessa Watts, Senior Lecturer in Nursing, School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University  (Principal Investigator) 

Professor Christine Bundy, Professor of Behavioural Medicine, School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University   

Ms Rachael Hewitt, Health Psychologist and PhD student, School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University  

Dr Bethan Jones, Research Associate, School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University

Dr Richard Kyle, Deputy Head of Research and Evaluation, Public Health Wales   

Ms Rachael Pattinson, Research Associate, School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University  

Mr Tim Pickles, NIHR Doctoral Fellow, Centre for Trials Research, Cardiff University  

Dr Anna Sydor, Lecturer (Nursing) School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University   

Ms Eunice Temeng, Registered Nurse (Adult field) and PhD student, School of Healthcare Sciences, Cardiff University  

Dr Dean Whybrow, Lecturer in Mental Health Nursing, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University


What will the study involve for me?  

You are invited to complete a short online questionnaire once. The questionnaire will ask about you, your work, and how you have felt during the pandemic, since March 2020. The questionnaire has been pilot tested with Registered Nurses and Nursing Students and will ask about you and your work as a nurse during the pandemic. It will also ask you questions about your experience of moral distress associated with Covid-19, your mental health and wellbeing and you will be invited to share any further comments that you may have.


How much of my time will the study take?  

It will take up to about 25 minutes to complete the questionnaire. 


Who can take part in the study?  

Registered and student nurses in Wales, UK (all fields) who have worked during the pandemic and with patients who do and do not have SARS-COV-2 infection.


Do I have to take part in the study?  

No, your participation is completely voluntary. It is up to you to decide whether to take part or not. If you decide not to, it will not have any consequence for you.    


Are there any disadvantages if I do not take part?    

There are no disadvantages to you if you do not take part.    


Can I withdraw from the study once I’ve started if I change my mind?   

If you decide to take part in the study and later change your mind, you are free to drop out at any time without giving a reason and with no negative consequences. Submitting your completed questionnaire and signing with your initials is an indication of your consent to participate in the study. You can withdraw at any time before you have submitted the questionnaire. Once you have submitted the questionnaire your responses cannot be withdrawn.   


Are there any risks or costs associated with being in this study?  

The project has received full ethical approval from Cardiff University School Of Healthcare Sciences Research Ethics Committee on 26th October 2021. There are no physical risks of taking part in the study. We do not foresee any costs associated with completing this questionnaire, we appreciate that thinking about your experiences could make you feel uncomfortable or distressed. The research team is unable to respond to you personally and if you need urgent help please contact your General Practitioner, General Practitioner out of hours service, the Samaritans (116 123  or (24/7)), Emergency Services or A & E, Health for Health Professionals Wales ( or text FRONTLINE to 85258. 

What will happen to information about me that is collected during the study?  

Your information will only be used for the purposes outlined here. Cardiff University is the sponsor for this study. The survey is anonymous. You will create a unique code and only the research team leader can match the responses to the code. We, the research team, will be using information from you in order to undertake this study and will act as the responsible data controller for this study. Cardiff University will keep identifiable information about you, that is to say personal data, for 6-12 months after the study has finished. Data collected will be stored for 15 years after the study has finished until the year 2037.  Your information will be stored securely and will be kept strictly confidential except as required by law. Study findings will be published in journals, presented at conferences and used in teaching, but you will not be individually identifiable in these publications. The findings for this study may also be available on the Burdett Trust website in time


Your rights to access, change or move your information are limited, as we need to manage your information in specific ways for the research to be reliable and accurate. If you withdraw from the study, we will keep the information about you that we have already obtained. To safeguard your rights, we will use the minimum personally-identifiable information possible.

You can find out more about how we use your information at or by contacting the University Data Protection Officer:


Has this study received ethical approval?    

This study has been reviewed and given a favourable opinion by the Cardiff University School of Healthcare Sciences Research Ethics Committee (reference ID: REC837)


Can I tell other RN’s and nursing students about the study? 

Yes, please do tell other RN’s and nursing students in Wales about the study.  


What if I would like further information about the study?  

If you would like to know more about the study please feel free to contact the project researcher Dr Bethan Jones ( or Dr Tessa Watts ( who will be happy to discuss the study with you in more detail.  


Will I be told the results of the study?  

You have a right to be informed about the overall study results. You can tell us that you wish to be informed by answering the relevant question in the online survey and providing us with an e-mail contact address so that we can send you a summary of the study findings in late spring/ early summer 2022.    


What if I have a complaint or any concerns about the study?   

If you have any queries or concerns about any aspect of this study, you should contact the research team (details above) who will do their best to answer your questions. If you wish to make a formal complaint about the way you have been treated, or any other aspect of this study, please contact Dr Kate Button, Director of Research Governance, School of Healthcare Sciences: Email:, or Telephone: 02920 687734.

 Thank you for considering taking part in this study.

1.1. Are you currently a registered nurse or nursing student working or studying in Wales? Required

Please select exactly 1 answer(s).

2.2. I understand that by ticking this box I am giving consent to taking part in this survey. I have been provided with a participant information sheet (found here) and I understand that by agreeing to participate, the data that I provide will be analysed, and published in an aggregated fashion. I understand that the data that I provide is anonymous; that I cannot be identified at any point. (Please tick to confirm consent). Required

Please enter a response that only contains letters.

Your answer should be no more than 10 characters long.

Please be assured that all answers remain 100%  confidential. We would like to create a code which is unique to you and preserves your anonymity.